Types and forms of diabetes - how many they are and how to determine yours

tipy diabetaMedical Practice divides many types of diabetes mellitus. According to the decision of WHO, the term "diabetes" refers to a list of diseases that have common features. Holders of any type of this disease have raised level of glucose or in other words high blood sugar.

There are many reasons why the insulin cannot transport the sugar from the blood into the cells. But the result is always one: body cells can’t get supply because of oversaturation of sugar in the blood. This state is so-called "hunger midst of plenty". Actually it is the basic principle of all types of disease, called “diabetes”.

However, if we talk about the troubles of person that has diabetes and problems of body of this person, they do not end there. Sugar that does not get into the cells successfully attracts water from these cells. The bloodstream liquid flows away through the kidney that causes dehydration of the patient. This process is reflected and considerate as "big symptom" of diabetes as dry mouth, thirst, excessive drinking (up to 5 liters per day), frequent and copious urination.

tipy sugar diabetaHow many types of diabetes exist? How to determine the type of the disease? We will try to answer these questions. The following types of diabetes are:

listed above types of diabetes does not end. The list goes on, because some kinds of diabetes have different shapes.

First type of diabetes – insulin dependent

vidy diabetaInsulin-dependent diabetes is disease that damages the organ of insulin production – pancreas in two ways: autoimmune or viral. If the level of insulin in the blood of patients with diabetes of first type changes, it cannot be detected or it is very hard to detect some changes, because they are very minor.

Insulin-dependent diabetes mostly progresses at a young age, and if it is so you can define it by several pronounced symptoms: profuse drinking, frequent urination, rapid weight loss, a sense of enduring hunger, appearance after 1-2 weeks of acetone in the urine.

Cure of diabetes of such variety is one – frequent administration of the required dose of insulin from the outside. Other methods of treating of this disease don’t have any results and success.

Second type of diabetes - insulin independent

Insulin diabetes of second type occurs when the production and quantity of insulin by pancreas is not sufficient, and by decreased activity of these cells. Typically, the disease is a result of inherited insensitivity of some types of body cells to the biological effects of insulin.

Body tissue that is exposed to action of insulin has special insulin receptors. As a consequence of the pathology of these receptors, body tissue and cells begin to develop immunity to the insulin. However, insulin secretion is not reduced by pancreas so that forms a relative insulin deficiency.

Functions of insulin receptors are disturbed primarily patients suffering from obesity. Overeating leads to excessive formation of glucose in the blood and tissues bud cells with immunity to insulin don’t allow to glucose to enter them. Because the penetration of sugar into the cells requires a lot of insulin, its over-production is started by pancreas, which leads to the depletion of the beta cells.

Gestational type of diabetes

types of diabetesGestational diabetes occurs with some pregnant women. It occurs when there is insufficient generation of insulin that’s needed to regulate blood glucose levels. Sugar that is used by human body as energy source, with help of insulin is delayed into some kind of “reserve”.

During the period of pregnancy the body is forced to produce more insulin, which will cover the needs of the baby too. This becomes especially important in the second half of pregnancy. With a lack of insulin in the blood sugar level rises inexorably, allowing the development of gestational diabetes types. This disease usually resolves itself, after childbirth, which is distinguishing feature of this disease from other types of diabetes that are chronic by their nature.

Latent type of diabetes

With diabetes are associated many mysteries and many questions that are still unanswered. As we already have known, there is not only diabetes of 1st and 2nd type. There is an "intermediate" type of this disease, called latent autoimmune diabetes of adults. This type of diabetes is tricky cause’ it is able to "camouflage" under the 2nd type of diabetes. It is very difficult to determine and define this type of diabetes.

Latent diabetes is an autoimmune disease. That means that body attacks itself, so the immune system gradually destroys the beta cells in pancreas that produce insulin by itself. However, these patients are able to live for a long time without the input of insulin from outside and it is opposite to people with diabetes of 1st type.

In fact at latent diabetes immune processes are very slow. The pancreas has a quantity of "working" beta cells. For that type of patients is suitable drug treatment designed for diabetics with type II of diabetes. Over time more antibodies destroy more and more beta cells so as consequence of this fact it’s leading to a sharp reduction of insulin and the inevitable use of insulin therapy.

Hidden type of diabetes

 how many types of diabetes Hidden diabetes, sometimes called sleeping or latent, in fact it is type of diabetes on early stage of its development. Usually concentration of sugar in blood for this type of diabetes does not exceed normal. The initial stage of the disease is expressed by intolerance to glucose. In the wake of glucose tolerance, patients have very slow reducing of the concentration of glucose level in blood.

This type of diabetes is developed on patients with high probability in age of 10-15 years. This disease does not require specific treatment, more important is medical control. Hidden form of diabetes can remain undiscovered for a long time. But for manifestation of this disease is enough only to feel a nervous breakdown or to have the viral infection.

labil type of diabetes

Diabetes by its nature is divided into two categories: stable and labile. A distinctive feature of labile diabetes is a significant fluctuation of glucose level in blood during the day. For diabetics with this type of the disease hypoglycemia usually occurs on lunch time. In the early morning and at night as symptoms you can find feeling thirsty and hyperglycemia. Labile diabetes is often accompanied by the development of ketoacidosis, which can lead to diabetic coma.

Fast exchange between hypoglycemia hyperglycemia is more proper to diabetes that can be met among young people. Stable passage of the disease is typical for patients with its moderate grade, labile stands for patients with severe grade of the disease.

Subcompensated type of diabetes

kak diabetaThis type of diabetes affects carbohydrate metabolism, so in fact doctors try to bring it back to normal values. However the achievement of optimal results is difficult, therefore the state of carbohydrate metabolism can be different during the course of treatment. Three forms of diabetes compensation are identified by medics: decompensater, subcompensated, compensated.

Decompensated diabetes is a form of the disease, in which carbohydrate metabolism practically doesn’t improve, level of blood sugar is high, the sugar and acetone are presented in the urine. Subcompensated diabetes doesn’t causes major changes so the level of blood sugar is not significantly different from the norm, the acetone can’t be found in the urine, and quantity of sugar in the urine isn’t big. Compensated diabetes differs from other with normal parameters of glucose in the blood and by absence of sugar in the urine.

Nob-sugar type of diabetes

Diabetes insipidus (also non-sugar diabetes) is a pathological condition caused by a relative or absolute deficiency of vasopressin - hormone which has antidiuretic effect. Patients suffer from abundant & frequent urination and thirst, which disrupts sleeping and disturbes patients at night.

The daily quantity of eliminated urine is about 6-15 liters. As symptom also are observed a lack of appetite, hence, weight loss, fatigue, irritability, decreased sweating and dry skin.