Diabetes type 2 tests

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diabetes mellitus type 2 testsConcentration of glucose in the blood is probably the most specific analysis for diabetes type 2. Under normal concentrations of glucose in the blood, i.e., blood glucose level, can vary from 3.3 to 5.5 mmol/L. If there is an increase in concentration, it primarily suggests that the process of glucose metabolism is broken. To properly and accurately measure the level and consequently to establish the diagnosis, it is necessary to make at least two analyses that are conducted on different days. The blood analysis is done in the morning, it is important to make sure that the patient has not eaten anything.

Also there is glucose tolerance test. This test is intended to detect latent abnormalities of glucose metabolism. This test is done before noon, with a pre-night starvation. Before the test, the patient it is undesirable to bother to elevated physical activity, the consumption of illegal substances, tobacco, alcohol and drugs, which may contribute to the increased concentration of glucose in the blood. The test is performed in the following way: the patient drinks 70-75 grams of glucose (net), and then, an hour later, make measurements. Then, after 1 hour is another measurement in which the rate of glucose concentration is 7.8 mmol/L. If the concentration exceeds 11 mmol/l, diagnosis - diabetes type 2. If the concentration ranges of 7.8-11 mmol/l, it sets a pre-diabetes (impaired glucose tolerance).

the Concentration of glucose in the urine. If a person is healthy, urine should not be found glucose. If a person with diabetes, glucose enters the kidneys via creating a barrier. Analysis of glucose in urine is more in the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus type 2.

Acetonuria - acetone in urine. Along with the violation of metabolism can develop ketoacidosis - the process of accumulation in the blood of the intermediate products of fat metabolism. Additional methods of diagnosis: excretory urography, retinopathy, and electrocardiogram.

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Tests to control diabetes mellitus type 2

For patients with the 1st type of diabetes, requires frequent monitoring of blood sugar (several times a day), for patients with the 2nd type of diabetes quite a few times a week. As a test you can use special test strips that are applied to the drop of blood, and then is compared with a reference scale attached to the tests. You can also use a special device - glucose meter. There are also special test strips for determining ketone bodies in the urine (in the presence of acetone).

it is necessary to Regularly measure blood pressure, it should be OK - 130/80 mmHg.PT. Thus, maintaining the pressure within acceptable limits, it is possible to prevent the development nephropathy.