Thyroid gland in diabetes mellitus

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Diabetes mellitus is a dangerous disease that brings a lot of problems to patients. And if it can be associated with some other diseases, so in that case patients’ health condition is worsening in times.

General data

Thyroid gland in diabetes mellitusPeople that suffer from diabetes mellitus are in risk group of obtaining diseases of thyroid gland. According to statistics, around 6% of the Earth population is suffering from disorders of thyroid gland. The indicator for diabetics is increased up to 10%.

The most probable for patient with diabetes mellitus of 1st type are autoimmune diseases of thyroid gland. Autoimmune diseases are present in 30% of diabetics that suffer from diabetes mellitus of first (1st) type. Diseases in diabetes mellitus of 1st type are not autoimmune, but there are many works advocating high risk of appearance of thyroid gland problems for this group of patients.

There are many thyroid gland diseases, starting from trivial bronchocele and right to oncological pathology. But most of them do not affect the diabetes course. What then may worsen the condition of patients? Diabetes development depends on condition of thyroid gland: hypothyroidism or hyperthyrosis of thyroid gland hormones.

Hypothyroidism

diabetic hypothyroidism of thyroid glandHypothyroidism is a pathology lack of thyroid gland hormones. Patients having such diagnosis have very slow metabolism processes, which are in direct relation with diabetes progress. Taking in account the fact that hypothyroidism does not lead to significant changes of blood glucose level, it may affect the insulin inactivation, leading to the insulin demand and, as a result, to decreasing of insulin amount.

It happens very often that hyperthyroidism leads to disorders of lipid metabolism: increase of cholesterol level and "bad" lipids, lowering the concentration of triglycerides and "good" lipids in blood. This leads to appearance or speeding up development of atherosclerosis of vessels and, as a result, increases the risk of heart attack or cerebrovascular accident.

Hyperthyrosis is the disease manifested by excess of thyroid gland hormones and their influence on the organism. Combination of hyperthyrosis with diabetes mellitus can be found in 1% of patients. In this case signs of both two diseases are manifested. Patients that suffer from hyperthyrosis have speedier metabolism processes and the risk of acidosis is going up, and then diabetic coma may happen. Sometimes, it helps to find “hidden” forms of diabetes. Hyperthyrosis may lead to poorer heart muscle nutrition, showed with heart rhythm disorders. It may happen, when hyperthyrosis is not treated for a long time, also it can cause significant loss of bone mass that leads to appearance of osteoporosis.

Taking in account all info listed above, in case of the tiniest suspect of diabetes mellitus or pathology of thyroid gland, patient should visit personal doctor and pass required examinations. It is easier to prevent disease, rather than cure it.