The pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus type 2, causes, etiology

Meals with type 2
Decompensation and compensation


In a healthy person, the hormone insulin opens the "doors" in the walls of the cells, passing through them glucose from the bloodstream, so necessary for reception of the body of energy. Patient type 2 diabetes cells resist the influence of insulin. Rejection of the insulin cells not allow glucose to enter them.


the Pathogenesis (causes) of diabetes mellitus type 2

the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus type 2Characteristic cause of type 2 diabetes - immune to insulin, due mainly to the obesity of a person, which impedes the passage of glucose into cells because they are already filled with fat. Initially cells in the pancreas have the ability to overcome such resistance by producing more insulin. But over time, they are no longer able to produce as much insulin as you need. If you have diabetes, even elevated due to compensatory reaction of the organism, the level of insulin is not able to open "doors" of the cells, causing glucose begins to accumulate in the blood. Overweight also increases the risk the etiology of type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure and heart diseases can also be causes.

the overwhelming number of diabetics occur type 2 diabetes, the reason is overweight or age of the patient more than forty years. Sedentary lifestyle, lack of exercise can also be one of the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus type 2. Regular physically exercises help to avoid the greater risk of this disease.


Etiology of diabetes mellitus type 2

etiology of type 2 diabetes there is also an important genetic component. The more relatives of a person suffering the disease, the greater his predisposition to this disease. But despite strong genetic influence in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes can be avoided by maintaining a healthy, normal weight.

some women, usually not with diabetes during pregnancy increases the level of blood sugar. This form of the disease is called gestational diabetes.

Thus, we can identify the following risk factors for the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes: