Diabetes symptoms

Clinical examination
Weight loss
How to live with diabetes?
How to gain/lose weight
Restrictions, contraindications
How to deal?
The existence of
Injections (injections)
How to start
Weakness, emergencies, breathing
Problems and correction


diabetes mellitus develops gradually and almost half of the cases are detected accidentally. This applies to the initial stages of the disease when the symptoms are expressed poorly or not emerge at all. In the later period of the development of the disease have a dry mouth, constant thirst, frequent urination, itching, redness of the face.

In advanced cases and in the long developing serious skin lesions (boils, carbuncles, trophic ulcers), eyes (progressive decrease in vision leading to blindness), musculoskeletal system (muscle atrophy, osteoporosis of bones and vertebrae, deformity of the joints), heart and blood vessels (with symptoms of coronary heart disease). With the development of severe metabolic disorders diabetes eventually affects the function of all organs and systems, disrupting their normal work and causing severe complications (cirrhosis, steatosis, diabetic encephalopathy, gangrene) with relevant symptoms.


Pathogenetic mechanisms of development of chronic hyperglycemia

the Mechanism of diabetes is largely dependent on its shape.

So, diabetes of the first type having the autoimmune nature develops according to the following scheme: in view of the actions of those or other factors (viral infection, exogenous intoxication) leads to the formation of autoantibodies to ? - the pancreatic cells responsible for the synthesis and secretion of insulin. The gradual destruction of these cells leads to hormone deficiency and development of hyperglycemia. Constantly elevated levels of glucose in turn affects the metabolism and the condition of vessels and nerves, provoking the emergence of certain symptoms.

Pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus of the second type is largely dependent on genetic predisposition, but having such does not guarantee the development of the disease are 100%. This requires contributing factor (bad habits, stress, overeating, etc.), the effect of which on the background of tendencies and gives a boost to the beginning of the disease. With this type of diabetes leads to hyperglycemia, relative insulin deficiency (decreased secretion of it because of the increased burden on the insular apparatus in chronic overeating, for example) or insulin resistance (reduction in the permeability of cell membranes to glucose). As a result, the glucose is not absorbed in the tissues.