Analysis at a latent diabetes

Symptoms
Tests

 

As such, a single analysis diabetes does not exist, but there is a technique and takes several treatments to identify pre-diabetes. First of all, diagnosis of latent diabetes related to the analysis of the amount of glucose in the blood.

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the Process of conducting analysis on diabetes

Tests for latent diabetesthe First stage of diagnosis is performed on an empty stomach for the procedure requires that the time between the last intake of food and blood sampling was at least 8 hours. It is assumed that during this time the level of glucose in the blood needs to stabilize, even if it was eaten a lot sweet. For normal condition glucose should not take more than 100 mg/DL. Diagnosis of diabetes implies a level glucose more than 126 mg/DL. Accordingly, all boundary values of 100 to 125 mg/DL indicate the presence of latent diabetes. But one test is not enough, therefore, carry out another blood test. Before this you need to drink 1 glass of water with the addition of large amounts of glucose, and after 2 hours it is possible to carry out glucose tolerance test. In this case, the norm and the lack of pre-diabetes will have values less than 140 mg/DL. Diabetes is diagnosed when glucose level of 140 to 200 mg/DL.

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Additional tests

Analysis for diabetes mellitusin order to be completely confident in the diagnosis, it is necessary to conduct additional tests. Fasting blood and glucose tolerance test show a blood sugar level at the moment, and to test constantly whether the condition test glycated hemoglobin (A1C). He shows how the amount of glucose on average was in the blood over the last 2-3 months (during this time the glucose in the mix with molecules of hemoglobin exists in the body). For this analysis, we should not follow any restrictions, i.e. to donate blood can not on an empty stomach. Reference value of normal condition is less than the 5.7% for latent diabetes typical values from 5.7% to 6.4%.

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antibody test

the Third analysis, which ensures maximum reliability of the diagnosis, is a test for antibodies to glutamic acid decarboxylase (antibodies to GAD). The excess of the reference value of antibodies speaks about the defeat of beta cells that participate in the production process insulin in the body, and, hence, on the violation of glucose uptake that will occur over time (about 3 years). It is necessary to take measures for the treatment of latent diabetes, if the number of antibodies on the test, to exceed 1.0 ml.