Symptoms of diabetes insipidus.

Reasons
Diagnosis
Diet and nutrition
In children
Symptoms
Treatment
Renal
Central
Medications
Complications
Tests
Disability

 

diabetes insipidus symptomsUsually the word "diabetes" people mean a disease in which the sugar content in the blood exceeds certain norms. But it is not so, diabetes, it's merely a term which signifies the state of man, which tend to an increased urination. Not everyone knows that in addition to sugar, there is also diabetes insipidus, which is also a very serious disease and in which human nature frequent and copious urination, and excessive thirst. Diabetes insipidus dangerous in the first place so that can lead to dehydration and loss of necessary for the human body trace elements.

the Cause of this unpleasant disease is the abnormal production of the hormone vasopressin (antidiuretic hormone) secreted by the hypothalamus. The increase in the level of this hormone in the body causes the kidneys do not have time to rezervirovat and retain water. As a result the person to experience severe thirst and suffer from a debilitating urination.

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Symptoms of diabetes insipidus

the Violation of the synthesis of ADH, in turn, may be due to damage of pituitary gland or of the hypothalamus due to trauma or tumor. In this case, a so-called Central diabetes insipidus. Also the occurrence of diabetes insipidus can be caused by certain diseases of the kidneys in which the kidneys do not respond to this hormone. Then we can speak of renal diabetes. Often problems with the development of vasopressin contributes to prolonged intake of alcoholic beverages. Alcohol, penetrating into the pituitary gland, interferes with the synthesis of ADH, which leads to the emergence of symptoms of diabetes insipidus.

the Main symptoms of diabetes insipidus are polyuria, i.e., increased urination, and it can be continued even when a person is already suffering from dehydration, and polydipsia, that is excessive thirst. The person experiences this need to drink plenty of liquids you can drink in a day to 10 litres of water.

severe dehydration can lead to dangerous electrolyte imbalance in the body, resulting in disturbed functioning of the heart, which can lead even to death.

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Signs of diabetes insipidus

Signs of electrolyte imbalance in diabetes insipidus are weakness, fatigue, hypersomnia, muscle pain, headache, severe irritability and emotional instability, dry skin and mucous membranes, nausea, vomiting, irregular heartbeat.

remember that diabetes insipidus is a serious and insidious disease, when its symptoms and signs, should as soon as possible consult a doctor if this is not done on time, it can lead to serious problems with the cardiovascular system, kidneys and gastrointestinal tract.