Sweeteners diabetes - sorbitol, fructose, xylitol

Fish and fish oil
Sugar substitutes
Salt and salt


In the treatment of diabetes must adhere to a very strict diet, which will not be possible without the introduction in the diet of sugar substitutes. If we exclude sugar suddenly, without the introduction of substitutes, the patient will experience discomfort. Sugar substitutes do not differ in taste from the sugar, but they do not affect the increase of blood glucose in a patient.


sugar substitutes

sugar Substituteswe can split them into 2 groups:

1. Calorie-gene - they have energy value. This means that if the absorption of their body releases a certain amount of energy.
2. Nikolaievna not have energy value.

the first group can be attributed to fructose, sorbitol and xylitol. Eating 1 gram of one of these substitutes constitutes about 4 kcal of energy. These products must be taken into account in the calculations of the daily intake of calories.

Sorbitol is not able to influence the glucose level of the patient and preserves the taste when boiled. Fructose is sweeter than sugar in 2 times the calories of its similar sugar. Fructose may slightly increase the level of glucose in the blood of the patient.

the group decolorising sugar substitutes are saccharin and aspartame (or sedex). They virtually have no calories, is sweeter than sugar 400-700 times. A distinctive feature of saccharin is that it is necessary to add only in cooked food, otherwise it will acquire a bitter taste. Aspartame (or sedex) do not require insulin, but it is destroyed by boiling. Sugar substitutes decolorising group contraindicated in pregnancy.


Rules of the use of sweeteners

There are basic rules for the use of all sugar substitutes:

1. Sorbitol and xylitol should be used only in small doses - no more than 15 grams per day. Thus, checking the presence of individual intolerance to the drug.
2. Be sure to consider the caloric content of any sugar substitutes.
3. When adverse events such as heartburn, nausea, bloating, reduce dosage substitute for sugar to 10 grams. Sometimes requires complete removal of the drug and replacing it with another.
4. The diet should contain a sufficient amount of physiological (normal) components.