Study - test on diabetes

Differential diagnosis of
A blood test
Blood counts
Urine analysis
How to checked?
Color, protein, density of urine
How to recognize
How to find out
The survey


test for diabetesDiagnostics such a widespread and dangerous diseases as diabetes mellitus, are effective enough only in the cases of the manifestation of symptoms such as weight loss, polyuria or polyphagia. The main method of the study of diabetes - measuring the level in the patient's blood sugar. Diagnosis can be made if the concentration of fasting glucose and after meal exceeds the standard level of an ordinary healthy person, if the result of the glucose tolerance test gives a high rate or if the urine is present as sugar, and acetone.

in Addition to glucose tolerance test to diagnose diabetes, in a patient taking the urine of the study to determine the presence of a certain amount of glucose. Normal people have sugar in the urine is absent. At the same disease increased blood glucose is so high that glucose can freely pass through the kidney barrier. So the sugar gets into the urine.

Sometimes as a result of disease complications arise, for example, ketoacidosis. If found in urine ketone bodies, it attests to a more severe form of diabetes is extremely dangerous to humans complications.

Can assign and additional studies in diabetes - examination of the ocular fundus, urography and an electrocardiogram.


Test for diabetes

To diagnose a patient with diabetes, doctors in the study in the first place, designate a standard test called a glucose tolerance test on glucose tolerance. The level of sugar in the blood is determined by analysis of blood, which the patient delivers in the morning on an empty stomach. The second blood donation occurs after 2 hours - after he was adopted additional dose of glucose. A few days before the tests the patient needs to follow a diet, consume a normal daily amount of carbohydrates, not lead too active a way of life and not to eat for at least eight hours before the test.

Test for diabetes mellitus provides an opportunity to identify the implicit, the hidden disorders in the metabolism of the human body. In order to assess the level of blood glucose over approximately three months conducting research in blood levels of glycosylated hemoglobin. His number is connected first of all with glucose concentration. If the percentage of haemoglobin is much higher than normal, it indicates too high in the blood the amount of glucose that is kept at a certain level for several months. Such a study is supposed to determine the appropriateness of assigned medical treatment.