Signs,symptoms and treatment of diabetes insipidus in children

Reasons
Diagnosis
Diet and nutrition
In children
Symptoms
Treatment
Renal
Central
Medications
Complications
Tests
Disability

 

diabetes insipidus in childrenIn diabetes insipidus the possible positive outcome of treatment, if timely detected the symptoms only if the cause of the disease are metastases of malignant tumors.

the Symptoms in most cases, may appear suddenly, although perhaps the slow and gradual development. If diabetes is caused by trauma or infection, may occur after pathogenic factor, and maybe after 2-4 weeks after it. Caused by chronic infectious diseases, usually manifests itself after 1-2 years.

the Main symptom of the disease can be called frequent and copious urination, a transparent liquid, both during the day and at night. Sometimes the selection reaches 3 to 10 liters per day. Relative density of urine is significantly reduced - on average less than 1005, elements of pathology and sugar are absent in this case. Also the manifestation of the disease accompanied by strong thirst throughout the day, even at night. Depriving patients of fluids reduces blood volume, increases the plasma level in the blood, accompanied by fever, irritability, a stupor, a long delay of breathing during sleep. The child may go into a coma, death can occur, as a result of dehydration.

Very rarely, diabetes insipidus may occur without a pronounced thirst. If this is accompanied by frequent urination, the spontaneous development of symptoms described above will not take long. Since it may occur without clinical manifestations, with the first symptoms, it is imperative the laboratory analysis on the presence of the disease.

against the background of the disease development of diabetes insipidus may manifest endocrine and neuro-disorders. Markedly reduced appetite and the body weight of the child, there is irritability and moodiness. children, at the age of six months, in the absence of thirst, may be accompanied by vomiting, tendency to constipation and fever. Urination kids for a day up to 2 liters, older children up to 10 litres. Due to violations of water metabolism, may occur convulsive state. For some children this is manifested by reduced mental and physical development, and depletion.

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Treatment

For patients with diabetes insipidus is recommended diet with restriction of salt in foods. With insufficient fluid intake, intravenous 5% p-p glucose. The main method of treatment - appointment antidiuretic drugs that act on the body within a certain period after their withdrawal, the constant monitoring of indicators of blood volume and the potassium content in the body. Due to excess fluid in the body of the child, it is not recommended to move to areas with a hot climate, since the selection through the sweat glands can strengthen the disease and will hinder the treatment.