Prophylaxis and treatment of diabetes of first and second types: symptoms, measures, complications, first-aid

Diabetes is chronic endocrine disease, which is caused by a deficiency of insulin production or its lack of activity.

The following types of diabetes exist:

Symptoms of the Diabetes

Prophylactics and treatment of type 1 and 2 of diabetesDiabetes often cannot be detected immediately. The disease is present in the human body in a "dormant" state, without betraying human’s body and physical state. Often it is diagnosed during routine inspection and it can be determined by general analysis of blood and urine. But also there are many cases when diabetes is determined, for example, by an eye doctor or dentist at their examinations.

Signs of the diabetes of first and second types are slightly different. However, there is a number of common symptoms that characterize both types of diabetes:

Severity of symptoms depends on the duration of the disease is individual and depend from patient's immune system. Some patients may have well developed all the symptoms, and other patients’ have barely visible or absent at all symptoms.

Complication of diabetes

Prophylactics and treatment of diabetesDiabetes mellitus must be constantly under control and it also must be compensated. With poor compensation of the symptoms of the disease, as a result appear frequent fluctuations of blood glucose levels, so it is high risk that complications will appear, which, depending on the time of manifestation are divided into two categories: early and late.
The early complications include conditions that may develop within a few days or even hours. These include: hyperosmolar coma, hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, diabetic ketoacidosis, etc. Late complications are considered very serious, they develop slowly, quietly and sadly are irreversible. This group includes: diabetic retinopathy, diabetic macro-and microangiopathy, diabetic neuropathy and nephropathy, specific skin lesions and others.

Prevention and treatment of diabetes of 1st type

Insulin-dependent diabetes is a chronic disease so it cannot be completely cured. Therefore, the treatment of the disease is mainly aimed at its compensation and for prevention of complications.

    - daily, life-long introduction of needed quantity of insulin;
    - Diet therapy, that means by itself a limited intake of sugar level, that contains in products, by patient;
    - Regular moderate physical exercises;
    - Continuous self-monitoring of glucose level in blood and urine.

Severe diabetes mellitus of first type requires constant medical monitoring and immediate treatment of the complications.

Insulin-dependent diabetes is a disease of the young age, often affects children. Development of the disease is caused by a genetic predisposition and by exposure of unfavorable factors (acute viral infection, psychological or physical stress, malnutrition) to the body of the child.

Tthe prevention of insulin-dependent diabetes includes the following methods:

    - prevention and early treatment of viral diseases;
    - Breastfeeding children 1-1.5 years;
    - Hardening exercises according to the age and rules;
    - Raising of resistance to stress;
    - Natural balanced diet.

Prevention and treatment of diabetes of the 2nd type

Prophylactics and treatment of diabetes 1, 2 tipaThe basis of treating of insulin-independent diabetes are the following methods:

    - diet therapy, eliminating the consumption of fast-digestive carbohydrates;
    - Regular and moderate physic exercise;
    - Weight loss (if necessary);
    - No smoking and drinking alcohol;
    - Insulin (if needed);
    - Oral receiving of hypoglycemic agents;
    - Early diagnosis and treatment of complications;
    The constant self-monitoring of glucose levels in blood and urine.

Effective treatment of diabetes mellitus of the 2nd type is not possible without the diet, so in fact nutritional therapy becomes the main treatment for this disease.

It is considered that the diabetes cannot be prevented. However, it exists a number of recommendations that can reduce the risk of developing of this disease.
The root causes of diabetes of the second type include obesity and genetic predisposition. Therefore, prevention of this disease is based on a proper nutrition and exercises. In addition patients that have this disease need to avoid abrupt changes of blood pressure, also need to avoid stress, and correct and timely treat any emerging diseases.