Organs and parts of the body affected by diabetes

Diabetic nephropathyDiabetes - one of the most common diseases. This disease is especially dangerous for its complications, which are often irreversible. This affects the large and small blood vessels, resulting in disrupted blood flow to vital organs: heart, brain, kidney, lower limbs, eyes.

On the disease progresses over time and lead to the development of chronic diseases. If time does not begin treatment, the increased risk of gangrene of the lower extremities, strokes, heart attacks, kidney failure, retinal detachment, and as a consequence - partial or complete loss of vision.

Diabetic Foot

Diabetic FootDiabetic foot is quite common complication of diabetes. It occurs in the stage of decompensation, and is characterized by a greater degree for the disease II type.

This is a dangerous disease is manifested form of necrotizing formations on the skin, soft tissues, and in more severe cases - to the bone of the foot. Often the only way to fight this disease is amputation.

Running form of diabetic foot lead to gangrene, from which killed most of the patients with type II diabetes. Diagnose diabetic foot on the characteristic feature is easy. Effective treatment is important to decrease blood sugar levels. No less important in the treatment of diabetic foot quitting smoking. Otherwise, the treatment will be ineffective.

Diabetic retinopathy (damage to blood vessels of the retina)

Long-term increase in blood sugar levels often causes diabetic retinopathy (vascular damage to the retina of the eyeball). This is one of the most difficult and dangerous complications. It is observed in 90% of diabetics. The initial stage of diabetic retinopathy, as a rule, does not require special treatment. Enough to maintain a normal blood sugar level, observed by an ophthalmologist and perform all of its recommendations.

In more severe cases, a laser. With advanced forms of diabetic retinopathy surgical treatment.

Diabetics sudden changes in blood sugar can cause fluctuations in visual acuity. For example, perhaps the sudden appearance of myopia, which passes or decreases after normalization of blood sugar levels.

Diabetic nephropathy (kidney damage blood vessels)

Diabetic nephropathyThe lesions are due to chronic renal blood glucose and high blood pressure. Exceeds the norm figure the amount of protein in the urine - the first sign of renal vascular disease.

Do not allow the development of diabetic nephropathy can be strict control of blood sugar levels and diet with restriction of animal fats, as well as appropriate treatment. The choice of treatment depends on the stage of the disease. However, at any stage needs complete abstinence from alcohol and smoking, as well as the correction of lipid metabolism (control of blood cholesterol levels). Restricting protein intake is not recommended.

Diabetes hepatitis (liver)

Diabetes is accompanied by metabolic disorders, and in the first place, lipid metabolism, which causes the development of atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease and a violation of the synthesis of bile. As a result of its excretion from the liver is difficult and develops the so-called non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (or diabetic hepatitis).

Diabetes Hepatitis more often in patients with overweight. The main symptoms are aching, heaviness and discomfort in the liver. However, these symptoms may be absent.

It is diagnosed diabetic hepatitis liver ultrasound.

Thyroid Disease

According to statistics, the risk among diabetics thyroid disease increased by 2 times. Most susceptible to autoimmune thyroid disease type I diabetics.

Diabetes mellitus type II is not an autoimmune disease, but according to some risk of disease in this type of patients is still quite large.

Patients may develop hypothyroidism - a lack of thyroid hormone. This disease is manifested by slowing metabolic processes in the body, which in turn affects the course of the underlying disease.

Pathology pancreas

Pathology of the pancreasThe most common pathology of the pancreas in diabetes I and type II is chronic pancreatitis, during which gradually destroyed glandular tissue, it replaces fat and connective tissue.

Consequently, the production of digestive enzymes is broken, insulin and other hormones.

Prevention and treatment is limited to compliance sparing diet, correction of endocrine pancreatic insufficiency, and drug effects on pain and eliminate the symptoms of indigestion. The basic condition for treatment is a total ban on smoking and alcohol.

Sexual function

The defeat of the blood vessels in diabetics leads to a disorder of the nervous system (diabetic neuropathy), resulting in reduced male testosterone, which affects the sex drive, and as a consequence, on the potency.

In women with diabetes, often there are sexual disorders that reduce arousal and reduced libido. Sexual contact in such circumstances does not bring satisfaction. This is because the lack of excitement is the cause of inadequate allocation genitals lubrication, so blood flow to the clitoris and labia difficult, and without these processes sexual intercourse is not full.