Neonatal diabetes mellitus

In newborns
Diet
In adolescents
In infants
Complications
Signs, symptoms
Reasons
Diagnosis
Type 1
Type 2
Prevention and features
Treatment
Phosphate diabetes
Treatment of phosphate diabetes
Neonatal

 

Neonatal diabetes mellitus - a special form of diabetes is non-immune type. There is such pathology infants.

the Complexity of its diagnosis due to the fact that it occurs very rarely. In medicine described numerous instances when the symptoms do not occur for several years.

Perhaps neonatal diabetes mellitus and is considered a rare form, because the clinical manifestations of sepsis resemble picture (appears ketoacidosis). Therefore, the statistical figures may be higher, as a result of sudden deaths in infants.

all infants who are in severe condition, it should be assumed neonatal diabetes mellitus.

now it is revealed that for the development of neonatal diabetes genes are responsible 10. Children who develop this disease in the first six months of life should be screened for genetic mutations. This survey allows us to differentiate forms of neonatal diabetes mellitus in the neonatal period.

it is Manifested by persistent hyperglycemia and hypoinsulinemia.

Neonatal diabetes mellitus according to the clinical picture can be of two types:

is transitory;

permanent.

these forms Differ in duration of treatment and destination of insulin.

Transient diabetes mellitus is characterized by reduced b-cells of the pancreas. Most often the cause of pathology may be a risk of miscarriage during pregnancy. The symptoms disappear at 12 weeks of life. If assigned insulin during illness, then the dose is gradually reduced. Discontinue insulin therapy during the third month of life. These kids do not need further treatment. But it is likely that in 20-30 years they develop symptoms of diabetes of the 1st type.

permanent diabetes mellitus appears very rarely. This is because a relative of the sick child there are people with autoimmune diseases. That is, there was to be a blood marriages. Permanent diabetes requires insulin. In 20% of patients of the children identified neurological impairment (developmental delays, epilepsy). Often children with permanent diabetes detected ketoacidosis. In contrast to children experiencing transient diabetes, patients with permanent diabetes are insulin dependent for life. The periods of remission in these patients are lacking. If indicated, patients were allocated enzyme preparations of the pancreas.