Case history diabetes mellitus type 2

Meals with type 2
Decompensation and compensation


case history diabetes mellitus type 2today diabetes type 2 is a pretty common disease. The history of this disease has been studied for over two thousand years, but the understanding of the causes of disease, classification and the effectiveness of treatment began to appear only in the last century.

the First to identify the disease, whose symptoms were thirst, dry mouth and poor health, could Arty. Scientific discoveries that were made in the late 19th - early 20th centuries led to the fact that diabetes was associated with insufficiency of insulin in the human body. So in 1889, scientists Mering and Minkowski has caused diabetes in animals by removing the pancreas. Only in 1910, the substance, which was lacking in the body of patients given the name insulin.

Since the early 20th century, the number of discovery in the field of diabetes increased. So in 1932, a scientist from Toronto, John Macleod found that in the process of gluconeogenesis that occur in the liver, plays a significant role and the parasympathetic nervous system.

1936 became one of the most crucial in the history of the disease diabetes mellitus type 2 and the study of this disease. Studies of insulin in the blood stream showed that patients with diabetes may have a reduced concentration in the blood, this substance and increased. These studies have allowed scientists to separate disease diabetes mellitus into two types: first and second.

Millions of people living on planet earth, was able to extend its life due to the fact that the researchers divided diabetes into two types. In the mid-20th century, for the second type were synthesized specialized medications that lower the blood sugar level.

From 1966 to 1973, scientists conducted studies of insulin. So in 1973, was made a full-fledged synthesis of insulin.

diabetes mellitus type 2, today, is the most common form of the disease. About 90 percent of all patients have precisely the second type. By the end of the 20th century, scientists were able to figure out what the cause of type 2 diabetes is often a genetic predisposition. This disease most often develops in people over 35 years. However, there are cases when sick and young people. This is due to the obesity epidemic across the globe.

In conclusion, we note that the history of medical advances in the treatment of diabetes, over the past 100 years, highly developed, millions of people got a chance to become productive members of society.