Liver in diabetes mellitus - diseases, affection and treatment

Pancreatic gland
Thyroid gland


Diseases of liver in diabetes mellitus

Liver in diabetes mellitusAmong all injuries that diabetes mellitus provokes to the organism, the bigger part of pathologies are related to liver and targeted on it. It suffers from the changes of protein metabolism, from fats and amino acids in cells, which are the main causes that provoke development of hard chronic problems. Some of the most frequent disease diagnosed by doctors is non-alcoholic fat disease, fibroid induration, acute hepatic failure and hepatocellular carcinoma.

In more than 95% of cases the diabetics have liver problems, which prove the direct and steady relation in between the diabetes mellitus and hepatic pathologies.

It is proved that diabetes mellitus adds to the progress and increases the risk of appearance of hepatitis C.

Affections of liver in diabetes mellitus

In the course of non-alcoholic fat disease of liver, the steatosis appears; it is an accumulation of fat in tissues of liver. The insulin hinders lyposis (fat cleavage), and when insulin generating process is broken, lyposis generating goes with disorders. As a result the liver has a lot of free fat acids cumulating inside it. This process provokes inflammation and, as a result, ruminal induration in places of tissue affection (fibrosis). The last phase of it is cirrhosis causing the irreversible changes of liver tissue and then the liver cannot work properly any more. In many cases such affections are standalone pathologies, but sometimes they may cause hepatocellular carcinoma as associated to them disease.


In the first turn factors that promote affection of liver should be removed. The diet plays a significant role and it must be targeted to control the consumption of fats and replacing them with other components. Also some measures required in such cases are vitamin therapy, active way of life, decreasing an excessive weight and restricting of alcohol consumption. To diabetics are prescribed special medications that help to improve liver metabolism (including the control of fat component). In most cases they use hepatoprotectors, antioxidants or\and gut microflora conditioners. Every medication is prescribed according to personal info about patient’s organism and the phase of the disease.

One of the radical methods is bariatric surgery, which is aimed to decrease an excessive weight of patient (methods of hand hose gastrectomy, gastric banding and shunting).