Hormones in diabetes mellitus

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diabetes mellitus is a disease that is characterized by high blood sugar. The reason for this is the lack of effect of hormone - insulin. It is secreted by the pancreas, or using in it beta cells of the islets of Langerhans.


insulin Soluble

Hormones in diabetes mellitusfor the First time insulin has been appointed Elizabeth Hughes physician Banting in 1922 for the treatment of type 1 diabetes. For almost a century, insulin remains the most effective remedy to maintain the health of the patients. In 1922 was developed by soluble insulin. It is administered under skin, into the vein or muscle. A distinctive feature and are two of the latter method of administration. It's the only medications that can be used in a similar way. Soluble insulin takes effect after the interval in 15 - 30 minutes, it lasts 6 to 8 hours.


Recombinant analogs

these drugs (Humalog, Novo rapid) time of less than about 3 hours. Most often prescribed for continuous subcutaneous administration special dispensers. Their convenience is that they may only be used before taking food.


Proteinemia insulin

This kind of hormones in 1930 was developed in Denmark. This durability is average. Most of this group of hormones is prescribed izofan - insulin.


Insulin zinc suspension

the Hormone insulin in diabetes mellitusThis kind of hormone was created in 1950, this group includes drugs with a medium duration of action and prolonged, but the latter is prescribed very rarely.


Insulin glargine

This is a newly developed long-acting medication (issued in the form of a clear solution). It is injected subcutaneously, after which the injection site are formed by the microprecipitates. The effect of the drug occurs after 1.5 hours after administration, and lasts a day. It should be noted that the concentration in the blood varies not abruptly, but in the form of a plateau. If you compare the concentration of glargine, with traditional forms of insulin with prolonged action, it is similar to the physiological basal insulin secretion.


a Mixture of different types of drugs

Some medications are proprietary mixtures. Form of issue: bubbles, cartridges - to special syringe-pens. They represent the most common cocktails of medicines. It is very convenient for people with low vision.