High level of blood sugar, glucose concentration above normal limits

In man
In urine - glycosuria


Big level of sugar in bloodSugar or sucrose are related to fast carbohydrates which are, immediately split into fructose and glucose when they get into digestive tract and after that they enter the bloodstream, providing people with necessary amount of energy (more than 50% of energy provides glucose). It is an indispensable component in the formation of binary acids in the liver, which would support the protective function of the body in cases of intoxication.

Level of glucose in a healthy person, regardless of age or gender can vary during the day, within limits, is considered normal if it lies in boundaries from 3.5-5.5 mmol / l in fasting state (on an empty stomach) and up to 7.8 mmol / L - on a full stomach. Any deviation from the norm in the direction of increasing of blood sugar is the alarm that body internal processes are disturbed and it has lost the ability to absorb glucose, during digestive process.

What does the excess of glucose in the blood occurs to organism

High (big) blood sugar indicates that:

Its increased level indicates that the body contains a surplus of glucose, which cannot enter into the cell. With its increase the person feels drowsy and fatigue.

Blood that has high concentrations of glucose (much higher than the permissible limits) becomes so thick that so it does not pass through small capillaries, making vulnerably blood vessels, tissues and skin.

Human body is a subtle sense of a mechanism that reacts immediately to any problems (high blood sugar) that happen in it. Therefore, trying to correct the situation, reducing it to normal, the body increases the load on the kidneys, bringing excess excretion and formation of urine.

What should you do if your blood sugar levels are increased

According to doctors, the most dangerous in diabetes of the second type is the fact that many people with high glucose level that far exceeds normal limits, have no idea about it. Not every man can experience and feel symptoms characteristic to high level of glucose contained in blood (thirst, fatigue, frequent urination, long healing skin sores, boils), and if they are small they just not pay attention to them. Therefore, in order to prevent medical complications that often occur in case of increased blood sugar level, patient should regularly check blood sugar level and complete needed analyses.

If your laboratory studies have found an excess of glucose in the bloodstream, the doctors in addition to drug therapy, diet and complex physical exercises, advise to patient to buy glucometer for self-monitoring of blood sugar level and its abnormalities.

High level of blood sugar, in practice, is rarely instantaneous. Most often, glucose rises within a few hours or days. If you do control of blood glucose level every day, several times a day, you'll be able to take timely measures to eliminate its excess in bloodstream, to correct diet, exercise and eliminate the stress.

If these methods do not help and glucometer shows the result that is much higher than normal values, you should visit your doctor. Maybe it's time to change the dose of tablets or of injections, or even maybe it’s time to change medications.