Gestational diabetes mellitus during the pregnancy - symptoms, signs, treatment

Type 1
2nd type


Gestational diabetes mellitusThe disease that is called gestational diabetes mellitus happens in 4 to 6 percent of pregnant women. More often, after the birth it goes away, but it may happen after few years ant than common diabetes appears.

Usually, gestational diabetes mellitus appears in the middle of second trimester of pregnancy, in between the fourth and eighth months. It happens due to the fact that after the twentieth week organism of pregnant woman increases the level of hormones, which block effects of secreted insulin. The women having an excessive weight, aged over 25 or who had a few misbirths during 1st and 2nd trimester, or those having fetal hydrops, or whose kids were born with deficiencies or with weight more than 4 kg have more chances to get sick.

First of all pregnant woman should visit a doctor to complete and pick up the results of blood sugar test. If initial analyses are normal, next test must be done on the 24th - 28th week of pregnancy.

Signs and symptoms of gestational diabetes mellitus in pregnancy.

Women that suffer from gestational diabetes mellitus, are also later suffer from toxicosis, they have edemas, hypertension, disfunction of kidneys and cerebrum blood circulation. During the course of this disease there is a risk of infection of the urinary tract as well as premature birth. Symptoms often depend on the level of hyperglycemia. Clinic picture is not always specific or can be even absent. That may be some fatty degeneration and the quick gaining of the weight in the course of pregnancy. In case of a high glycemic index strong thirst, hunger and polyuria appear. The most difficult case for diagnosis is the moderate hyperglycemia, because glucosuria can’t be found.

Methods of treatment of gestational diabetes in pregnancy

Main treatment is targeted on decrease of glucose level. The first stage begins with strict diet, while the second one is aimed on limited consumption of calories from fast-digestible carbohydrates, which may be found in white flour products and sweets as well as in animal fats. In course of diet therapy, special physical activity schedule is developed for patient. If the objectives are not attained by these methods than insulin therapy is prescribed to woman. All types of pills and medications that help to decrease blood sugar level, are prohibited from use in this case.