Eye fundus in diabetes mellitus

Eye fundus
Eye Drops


Changes of eye that occur with diabetes, differ in their severity and localization. In situations like this all parts of the eye are affected somewhere more or somewhere less. Typically, these pathological processes are developed bilaterally. The most serious complication to the eye in diabetes is diabetic retinopathy.

Stages of diabetic changes of eye fundus

1. Diabetic angiopathy. Its main symptoms are changes in venous vessels of the retina. They are quite tortuous, dilated, have irregular caliber. It can be observed increased number of microaneurysms. It is worth noting the point that in the first stage of the disease changes retinal vessels are subject to change of vessels in the limb by about 80%. Of course, this symptom should be considered by doctor when diagnosis is created. In the desired pathological changes the visual functions can remain on very high level. Also this disease doesn’t affect working capacity of the patient.

2. Ordinary diabetic retinopathy. At this stage there already exist several changes in the structure of the retina. Therefore, in addition to the symptoms of the first stage, there are few more other ones as bleeding in form of spots and small dots, located on the inner layers of the retina, but usually in the central parts of the retina. In some cases, there is present such symptom as preretinal hemorrhage. You can also watch partly clouding of the retina that has localization in premacular and macular areas and around the optic disc.

3. Proliferative diabetic retinopathy. In addition to all listed above changes, you can also observe and see rough destructive changes, which are located in posterior part of the eye and of the eye fundus. Stronger and more extensive hemorrhage appear, in most cases these hemorrhages are preretinal. Also appear a lot of proliferative changes in the tissues of the retina and of the newly formed blood vessels that can cause serious complications as retinal tear, retinal detachment and etc..

All of listed above changes may be attributed to the sclerotic changes in the arterial system. In most cases, the third stage of the disease is observed in severe forms of diabetes.