Feet Diseases in Diabetes Mellitus - What are they and how to treat them?

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remedial feet exercises for diabetics It is a well-known fact that people with diabetics mellitus have a very bad blood circulation. The blood circulation around the body is more or less good, but body limbs, in particular feet, have very slow and sluggish blood circulation. In addition, arteries' sides of the diabetics suffer from cholesterol plaques, that decrease the blood circulation in times in whole body.

Therefore, the tiniest foot wound is dangerous to the diabetics because it may lead to more serious complications and even to amputation of body limb. Generally speaking, any wounds are dangerous for diabetics, but they should take care of their feet most of all. Any consulting physician must warn the patient about possible consequence of foot wounds..

Diabetic Neuropathy

Any diabetic should complete regular physical examinations because uncontrolled diabetes mellitus may lead to a disease called diabetic neuropathy. This disease affects nerves responsible for the feet sensitivity. The patient may not feel temperature changes and wounds with feet and it is caused by decreased sensitivity. If patient leaves it unattended the feet may get infected.

Diabetic Foot

If we'll take a closer look at the list of diabetes mellitus complications, the diabetic foot should be noticed in the first turn. This medical term comprises many complications that lead to feet problems. About 10% of diabetics suffer from diabetic foot syndrome. In addition, 45% of the patients are in the risk group. This means that their chances are poor and the limb amputation is the most probable outcome of this situation. Every visit to a doctor should include examination in searching for diabetic foot syndrome. Even the tiniest sign of complication should be reported to the physician.


Gangrene is also a very dangerous disease for the diabetics. The progress of the disease results formation of necrotic tissues, which get darker or black. The mix of iron sulfide and of sulphuretted air causes the black color in tissues. Gangrene may be humid and dry. Dry gangrene slowly affects body limbs. In this case, the arterial occlusion runs very slow, sometimes it lasts for a few years. If the gangrene is humid, the limb amputation is the only viable option to save the life of the patient because the disease progress is fast and affected region produces putrefactive smell and greenish color. Gangrene is a very dangerous disease for the diabetics.

Trophic Ulcer

In course of the disease sensitivity of patient's feet decreases and the patient cannot feel the ulcerous defects that are located on the leg surface, which is common for the diabetics. Trophic ulcers appear very often and it is very difficult to get rid of them. They appear in the lower third of the leg shank and show up along with frequent edemas and pain after physical exercises. Recovery course should be aimed not only on ulcers, but on treatment of the disease that caused the ulcers appearance. In case if conservative treatment brought no effect for recovery, the surgery methods must be applied without any delays.


The diseases like diabetes mellitus are causes for frequent foot spasms . What are their causes and how to treat them? The cause of foot spasms lies in high level of blood sugar. High level of blood sugar increases level of urine, which washes away all required micro elements; the lack of latter causes spasms. If a diabetic suffers from spasms, it is helpful to introduce more magnesium and calcium in food of that individual. In case if amount of microelements is sufficient then the the food that contains vitamin D should be added to patient's menu and it will help to digest magnesium and calcium. It is recommended to avoid the milk products because they contain a lot of phosphorus, which will increase the spasms.


The foot pain is the frequent company to diabetics. This may happen not only when there are some visible complications caused by the disease, but also when there are no wounds, abscesses and the like. Due to the disrupted blood circulation in feet, when it is not sufficient, the limbs get tired faster. There are many ways to relieve foot pain.

One of those is physical exercises or massageself-massage. Exercising during 15-20 minutes a day, the patient may eliminate foot pain and escape inflammatory conditions for a short period of time. Moreover, the feet should get a moderate workload. There is no reason to escape doing anything, when the disease paid a visit. On the other side excessive physical workload may twist the knife. Before going in for some kind of physical activity, it is necessary to visit a doctor.

The diabetics should monitor the condition of their feet diseases. In case if light trauma does not get better for a long time, something more serious may take place; and if that leads to complications, it may happen that amputation will remain the only possible option to treat the disease. The amputation is one-way and last-resort treatment. Perhaps, every diabetic listens to news about amputation like a sentenced person. Indeed, it is possible to prevent the amputation process. In order to prevent an amputation, the patient should obey all prescriptions for diabetic foot care, monitor all phases of disease and visit a doctor every time he or she thinks it is appropriate and not only according to personal schedule.

Foot Care

As everyone can see feet diseases in diabetics are not rare, but just the other way about. However, if foot care is right, you may escape complications. What are do's and don'ts in this situation?

- Use moisturizing lotion. To pick one you should talk with doctor. There is no need to apply lotion in between toes.

- Do not forget to pumice helomas. Remember it must be done when the skin is soft, that is right after the bath or shower.

- Do not walk barefoot, even a few steps. No sandals are allowed, only boots with protruding tips can be used.

Of course, these are far not all points of attention to take care of patient's feet, but following them, it is also possible to avoid many disorders.

Even when there are no problems with feet, you should pay attention for them. The diabetics should take time for health-improving procedures to avoid any complications related to feet, because it is very easy to miss the time and get some foot diseases. Nonetheless, you should remember that not all foot treatments are free of losses. Only mentioned methods may be applied. The traditional medicine methods will not be out of place too. If this is the case, when it is necessary to hear the doctor's advice prior to using balm, herbal tea or anything like that. The treatment may be facilitated with cream and ointment use. They are used for pain relief and skin moisturizing. The natural basement creams are preferable, because they contain vitamins and useful microelements.


Diabetics that have problems with foot, must take care of their nails because they may be a source of harmful microbes. You should pare the nails frequently, and file is better for that as there are fewer chances to promote development of disease.

So, as everyone can see, the foot disease in diabetics is not an ordinary weakness, which may go away on its own. Nothing like that, you may wait for recovery for a long time - from a few months till few years. Length of recovery period depends on intensity and methods applied to the affected limb.

Remember, that disregarding directions for a short period of time may lead to serious complications so that recovery will be long. Respect given advices and the recovery will be successful. The key is to take care of your health and take timely examinations by doctor.