Diseases of legs in diabetes mellitus

Edema and swelling
Diabetic foot
Complications, defeat
Feet care


Diseases of feet in diabetesDiabetics, in addition to many problems with health often suffer also from diseases of feet that are caused by high levels of blood sugar. Such diseases are divided into two types: the first is caused by peripheral vascular disease, and the second one by diabetic neuropathy.

Negative affection of peripheral blood vessels is due to impaired blood flow. The disease caused by this reason is, for example, gangrene. It arises from the fact that a person has bad blood flow that goes to the wound, which is infected. Even when the antiseptic is used scars that don’t treat long time eventually begin to fester.

If we speak about diabetic neuropathy, it most likely occurs in the absence of treatment and hazardous consumption of insulin and other essential drugs. In this case, the nervous system is damaged, especially the nerves. This leads to a gradual reduction of the severity of any sensations in the legs. Typically, a person with diabetic neuropathy worse feels cold or heat, and pain in legs. This can lead to frostbite or infection in the wound, the appearance of which patient just can’t notice.

To diabetic foot diseases can be included leg ulcers, beristy, athlete's foot, and others. Diabetes affects not only the legs, but this problem is the most serious, because it can lead to the death of the legs, gangrene and to amputation too. This happens because of the two problems listed above: disturbances in nervous system and blood vessels. Sometimes the patient has only one of these problems, sometimes, much worse - two at once.

The legs have a very heavy workload so they are the first to suffer. Disease develops so the loss of sensitivity in legs is more peculiar because the blood flow can’t reach the feet and sometimes can’t reach to the hands too. The same happens with the defeat of the nerve endings. But parts of body suffer much more, of course.

As mentioned above patient becomes less and less sensitive to external factors or any discomfort such as cold, hot, and most importantly - the pain. Any small injures can be unnoticed, so in result it is easy to get its contamination. And if your hands are always in sight, and even with low sensitivity it is difficult to miss lesions, with the legs situation is different. Besides, diabetics are usually big and even obese, so it is difficult for them to care about their feet and inspect them regularly, so for a while the damage can go unnoticed.

How to care about your legs in diabetes

Legs care in diabetesThe first important action which should be a mandatory and permanent is examination of legs every night, or even earlier. It is also necessary to wash them well, better rather using hard sponge and always with soap and water. In case of the appearance of wounds you need to have iodine, hydrogen peroxide and other necessary facilities for disinfecting and healing, such as tincture of propolis. Do not use nail clippers and other sharp objects to remove the cuticle. One small wound can develop into a major problem. You mustn’t Cream legs between the fingers! It can cause diaper rash, that this situation is unacceptable.

Legs should be in comfort. Eliminate narrow and uncomfortable shoes, that squeezes the blood flow. Wear socks made of natural fibers; try to change them quite often, especially when the temperature outside is big and it is heat. Any warts should not be removed by yourself - go to this doctor. The same applies to non-healing cuts and sores. Pull this is not necessary. Overheating and overcooling of legs are not recommended. Separately: it is important to do sports and trainings, especially helpful is doing exercises for the legs. They stimulate the blood circulation. Quitting smoking will contribute to well-being.

Diabetic Foot

Diabetic footThis disease occurs to half of diabetics. The reason of this disease is diabetic neuropathy. It begins with a burning sensation, tingling, and then numbness in the feet. Then in legs appear strong redness in spots, later turning into strong suppuration.

Diabetic Foot is a late stage of the disease in diabetes. This is one of the most complicated cases, when changes are already global. It is the main reason, when patient needs an amputation. With this disease patient should not just go but even run to the hospital at the earliest stages of the symptoms of this illness.

Leg cramps in diabetes

Leg cramps in diabetes are the result of disorders of the peripheral blood vessels. They are characterized by approximately 75% of patients with diabetes; the only difference between cases is their frequency. In this case seizures bring tangible pain, and therefore it is also a serious problem for patient. To help the patient the massage cannot be used because it will only make the situation worse because of the nerves compression (it will only increase the pain).

To eliminate seizures patient must constantly replenish the body magnesium deficiency; it is the most important element that is required in treatment. Also will be useful consumption of calcium and potassium. You can use them as vitamins, if it does not help, sometimes these can be used in form of injections. It should be remembered that the absorption level can be decreased by aluminum. So patient should eliminate the aluminum cookware, including pots, buckets, etc.

Pain in legs

Gangrene in diabetesDespite the greatly reduced sensitivity of the legs to external factors, pain inside of legs can be quite hard. It appears as a result of poor blood supply and, therefore, the poor performance of the muscles and joints. This is not a disease - pain is a consequence of peripheral vascular disease.

Therefore, you need to spend more forces to fight with diabetes itself and you shuld not forget about physical exercises. Don’t be too lazy and do physical exercises daily. Also, try to observe more the principles of healthy living. Another good help from leg pain will be a reception turpentine baths using Zalmanov’s method.


This terrible word is eternal fear of diabetics. First of all, the patient initially should know and realize that if all the rules of legs and feet care are observed amputation will never happen. Even if the legs diseases appear, you can go to the doctor immediately, and thereby prevent the terrible consequences.

Amputation of leg is made when there is no hope, the infection spread throughout all tissues. So be careful, and before agreeing to such surgeries check the diagnosis in at least two unrelated clinics. Also, in the later stages gangrene can be treated with saline according to Bolotov’s method. This is an option when medicine drops its hands. But you cannot stay and waste time with the decision. And treatment and amputation have to be started immediately. If you opt for a treat - it should be intensive and responsible.

Tumors and leg swelling

This problem is most common among people with diabetes, because it is characterized to those who are sick seriously and for a long time and to those who have diabetes in the early stages. But usually there is small and slight swelling, severe can also appear but often it happens after 10-15 years of disease. Few, about 5% of all cases of leg swelling become very strong, until the development of gangrene due to the small blood circulation. Along with the development of edema and swelling often comes an increase in blood pressure. This also is not a disease but a consequence of symptoms. Methods of its prevention are sports, smoking cessation, diet and other.


Trophycal ulcers in diabetesAs was mentioned above, gangrene is in most cases just a consequence of diabetic of the foot, as well as non-healing wounds, which become infected. Therefore, any of them, even the smallest festering need to be urgently treated and examined by doctor. What can be easily heal in case of healthy person, a diabetic will heal very long time and it will be difficult because of poor blood flow.

Even if gangrene of legs is developed too much, modern medicine can help even if it's too late. Microsurgery has already made a significant step in this direction. It allows you to restore blood circulation in the limbs. And even in the most complex cases some surgeries can be effectuated that minimize area of amputated tissue.

Legs Fainting

Legs fainting may be caused by blood flow and nerve lesions simultaneously. The first signs\symptoms may just be numb fingers. Next – the area of numb skin will grow if no action is taken.

If numbness is, and various diseases that resulted from diabetes are not observed even at an early stage, it is useful to make a gentle massage every night. The diet will also improve health. In addition, it is useful to do yoga. But here one important caution: each yoga exercise has its indications and contraindications. You should go to school to qualified coaches, and if the classes are held at home by yourself, then read the instructions carefully.

Itching in legs

If there is itch caused by some diseases you should wipe your legs by using fresh juices. Also, if legs itchy it is useful to use on a handful of ash daily. Celery and sorrel, gooseberries and cranberries are recommended to be consumed as often as possible and in any quantity. Another good way to get rid of the itch is taking the bath every evening with nettle broth for the feet, and then lubricated with oil or any pharmacy nourishing cream, but in small quantity to soak everything in skin.

In this case, the most important thing is the diet, which is prescribed by doctor. Also is useful to eat many vegetables and fruits in their raw form.

Trophic ulcers and sores on legs

Wounds on feet in diabetesTrophic ulcers are a long-term healing wounds. They may later cause gangrene because they fester and it is difficult to care about them. After all, they need to be kept clean at the same time to be tied up, and also patient should give them to "breathe". Most often wounds and trophic ulcers appear on the feet, rarely on the legs.

Treatment and trimming of such injuries should be held at least every day by using hydrogen peroxide, iodine (if you can for this case), good ointment, such as Levomekol and other antiseptics. If the wound is on the foot it will not heal while walking. So it's best to arrange a bed rest to heal.

Heel pain, fractures

Heel pain, if it is not caused by an overload of feet, is a harbinger of the diabetic foot. However if an overload is fault (for example, a job where you often and stay long on the feet), the best treatment and method of correction of this disease is eliminating of cause. Feet in diabetes should not be very tired. If, however, the reason is not clear, it is probably time to go to the doctor for advice. There are big chances of diabetic foot.

Cracks appear for the same reasons as usually healthy people have, but they are dangerous for diabetics because in deep cracks can become infected and cause suppuration. To combat the small cracks patient can use regular cream from cracking that is sold in any pharmacy. If cracks are deep there is a need in visiting of doctor and the specialist will to prescribe a suitable cream or ointment.

Also you can use pumice stone, but very carefully to not to damage the skin. Creams and ointments should be used for feet every morning and evening, after having washed them.