Diagnosis of diabetes in children, tests

In newborns
Diet
In adolescents
In infants
Complications
Signs, symptoms
Reasons
Diagnosis
Type 1
Type 2
Prevention and features
Treatment
Phosphate diabetes
Treatment of phosphate diabetes
Neonatal

 

diabetes mellitus is among the diseases that can be difficult to diagnose. The fact is that in the initial stages of diabetes in children can occur completely asymptomatic, and then progress rapidly. That is why many children go on reception to the endocrinologist already in serious condition.

children are more likely to develop type 1 diabetes, characterised by insulin insufficiency due to viral or immune destruction of the pancreas. The main symptoms include frequent urination (polyuria), excessive thirst (polydipsia), weight loss, increased appetite, weakness.

to Diagnose diabetes in children with the help of laboratory tests.

When the diagnostics identify the following stages:

1.diagnosis;

2.determination of type of diabetes, severity;

3.identification of complications caused by the disease.

children first do a blood and urine examined daily. General blood analysis is very important for assessing General health of the child. The result is determined by the rate of hemoglobin, number of erythrocytes, platelets and leukocytes. A blood test is being done only on an empty stomach, glucose levels should be 3,8-5,5 mmol/L. If the level is 7mmol/l, we recommend to repeat the analysis. In the case where the second analysis confirms the first indicators of glucose level, the doctor confirms diabetes mellitus.

However, sometimes, the blood analysis on an empty stomach does not show abnormalities, then assign the same analysis, but after eating. If the glucose is 11ммоль/l, it indicates the disease.

urine glucose should not be altogether, however, its presence is an additional supporting factor of diabetes. At the same time, the presence in the urine of acetone may indicate metabolic disorders in children and the development of ketoacidosis.

the Next step should be the determination of glucose tolerance. To do this, the child is given oral glucose solution (1.75 g/kg), dissolved in water, and determine the level of glucose (after 1, 2, 3 hours). Is considered normal when the level of glucose in the blood is not превышает7,8 mmol/l, diabetes mellitus diagnosis припоказателях11ммоль/l and more.

For the final diagnosis of the patient and the severity of the disease must undergo examination by a cardiologist (if you have diabetes, observed lesions of blood vessels), ophthalmologist (diabetes can cause visual loss and development of cataracts), urologist (for diabetes kidney failure is one of the complications).

With timely treatment, following diet and efficient insulin therapy the prognosis for children living with diabetes is very favorable.