Diabetic dermopathy (skin spots) in diabetes mellitus

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necrobiosis in diabetes mellitusDiabetic dermopathy is a generic name for several skin diseases (dermatoses), progressing or developing diabetes. According to various signs and manifestations are - lipoid necrobiosis, dermatitis, xanthomatosis and atrophy. Each disease has its own specific symptoms, causes and treatment methods. Many of them are associated with manifestations in the skin tumors, pigmentation, and local dysfunction of the skin - skin patches in diabetes mellitus. Let's consider some diseases in more detail.

necrobiosis lipoidica

the Walls of blood vessels of the dermis, due to disturbed carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in diabetes mellitus, have been gradually modified. Disrupted the process of nutrition of the endothelium is an active endocrine organ. As a result, the front surface of the tibia, begin to localized multi-colored plaques with a clear contour. Color varies from red to brown. Further plaques become atrophic pigmented spots.

necrobiosis lipoidica spots in diabetes mellitus, affects mainly people aged 15 - 40 years, more commonly affects women. Often the disease starts with injuries. The affected area gradually grows in size and can exist for years.

In the initial stage, except for the cosmetic defect, the disease does not cause discomfort. Only the formation of ulcers in the epicenter of the lesion pain. The treatment is performed with local injections and dressings with potent corticosteroids.

Xanthomatosis

xanthomatosis and diabetes mellitusXanthoma (spot) is a focal accumulation in tendons, skin, internal organs and cholesterol deposits. In patients with diabetes mellitus there is a so-called secondary xanthomatosis. Often in combination with atherosclerosis.

the Nodules are localized in tendons, from 2 to 5 mm and on the skin. Cutaneous xanthoma (spot) and diabetes mellitus occur in groups and isolated at the elbow joints, the buttocks, back and legs. There are two types - flat and lumpy. Flat xanthomas slightly convex, look in the form of rounded plaques of a yellowish color. Tuberous xanthomas - are bigger in size, yellowish-orange nodular formations with a rough surface. Gradually growing in size and number, xanthoma stay with you for life.

Treatment is not xanthomatose and provoking disease i.e. diabetes. Cholesterol in the blood should be normal. Stick to low-fat and anti-cholesterol diet. If xanthoma (spot) deliver an aesthetic inconvenience, you can delete them, causing electrocoagulation.