Diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus in dogs- symptoms, signs, treatment, diet and food

In cats
In dogs


Diabetes mellitus in dogsDiabetes - a disease inherent not only people, but also different animals, including human’s "best friend" - a dog. A syndrome of chronic hyperglycemia is first of all a genetic predisposition. Matters in this case the fact what kind of dog do you have: dachshund, miniature poodles, retrievers, haired, Irish and Scottish Terriers are most prone influence and probability of appearance of this disease. In addition, in risk group can be included dogs that are older than six or seven years, in particular – that are obese too. Female dogs suffer from diabetes mellitus appearance four times more, then male dogs.

Diabetes insipidus is not related to insulin dysfunction or something else in this domain, it develops as a result of absolute or relative lack of antidiuretic hormone, which is responsible for the reabsorption of water in the kidneys of animal. Reasons for its appearance can be both chronic and infectious diseases, as well as all kinds of tumors, skull injury, leading to disruption of the pituitary or hypothalamus. As a result of the development of both types of diabetes is misbalance of water and electrolyte concentration in animal’s organism, as a consequence dehydration, weight loss and production of antibodies are responsible for immunity can be badly affected. Pet is completely defenseless, so risk of apparition of infectious diseases raises a lot.

If you have concerns that your dog has diabetes, you should contact the veterinary clinic, which will complete necessary tests (blood and urine analyses) that will help to find the right diagnosis. You should remember the fact that symptoms of diabetes and diabetes insipidus are manifested in similar way.

Signs and symptoms of diabetes in dogs

Diabetes insipidus in dogsThe most striking feature of this particular disease in pets is constant thirst (polydipsia) and increased urination (polyuria). In this case, depending on amount of water consumed by animal in a certain period of time, both volume and frequency of urination increase too: dogs of medium size consume and outcome three to four liters of liquids a day instead of the usual one and a half, in case of large dogs these numbers raise up to eight to ten liters per day. You can notice that animal’s urine is pale and almost colorless. In diabetes level of glucose contained in blood increases up to 12%, but in case of presence of diabetes insipidus this proportion is reduced and there is little glucose amount contained in animal’s blood.

Concentration of blood glucose is increased in animals suffering from diabetes usually in four times. Also can be noticed rapid dehydration, in addition to increased thirst, dry skin and all mucous membranes, heart palpitations. Sometimes dogs suffer from itching, they can develop boils, eczema, cataracts.

Symptoms of diabetes, in addition, may be associated with appetite. In animals it usually worsens, but it may be increased too. In any case growing weakness (asthenia), severe exhaustion, sometimes accompanied by vomiting and constipation are signs and symptoms of diabetes mellitus appearance and development too.

More signs of the disease may be presented by unpleasant smell from the mouth, resembling the smell of sour fruit, as well as the poor condition of coat: it fades, it becomes brittle, easily falls out. With diabetes dog’s health condition becomes extremely bad; it can be noticed bad healing of any wounds on the body. And, finally, there is the extinction of sexual reflexes presented.

Diabetes mellitus in dogs

Diabetes mellitus in dogs and dietWhen the above symptoms presented in per it is strictly necessary to appeal to the veterinarian, who will diagnose diabetes. Some pet owners that had noticed that the animal was too much drinking, urinating frequently, decide to use the services of an ordinary clinic and had agreed with the laboratory technicians, "retroactive" method is used for completing urine analysis for dog. When they results show high sugar content, pet owners begin to heal and treat animal on their own discretion: they use the same drugs as their friends, people with diabetes, but in several smaller doses which are measured "by eye." Of course, control of blood and urine sugar of animals is simply not possible in these conditions. As we see in the case of diabetes self-detrimental to the health and even the life of the animal.

Concerning the correct treatment, then, first of all, do not restrict water intake. Diabetes is a chronic disease, so treatment of this disease in dogs, as in humans, is completed by timely introduction of insulin in form of injection in correct dose. To partially lead to normal water balance, subcutaneously (im) pituitrin should be administered once or twice a day and / or to do the drug injection in the nose of medication adiurecrine two or three times a day. Also some multivitamins complex is prescribed in this case. Symptomatic therapy is also required for any additional complications in complex cases it may even be necessary to hospitalize the dog.

Treatment of diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus in dogs in some details differ. For example, the first are prescribed antidiabetic drugs (or maninil metmorfin). Diet that should be followed by dogs that suffer from diabetes and diabetes insipidus is prescribed too.

Nutrition and diet in diabetes

Treatment of diabetes insipidus involves complete exclusion of salt from the diet of dogs and minimizing consumption of products that contain much proteins (cream, cheese, meat, poultry, most fish, nuts, peas, soy, beans). Use of water should be reduced as soon as possible. However, this is not easy, because dog feel constant thirst. There is a way to slightly reduce the craving: to give the animal water with lemon juice or small amount of vinegar.

The diet of dogs suffering from diabetes should include boiled meat and broth, fish, oatmeal. Cellulose is used to slow down the digestion of food in the small intestine, which reduces the concentration of glucose in the blood. It's better to drink mineral water. There are also special foods that contain low amount of carbohydrates, so there is no sharp rise in glucose levels after meals. With a slight increase in the concentration of sugar in the blood of an animal all treatment can be reduced to a diet consistent compensation.