Diabetes insipidus in animals

In cats
In dogs


diabetes insipidus in animalsFor diabetes insipidus in animals is characterized by the violation of water-salt metabolism in the body. This disease affects cats and dogs, after encephalitis, head injury, meningitis, resulting in the defeat diencephalon-pituitary system. The disease is a Central and renal origin. The cause of Central diabetes insipidus is the cessation of or decreased production of antidiuretic hormone secretion. Renal (nephrogenic) variant of the disease due to a violation of the susceptibility of the receptors of the renal tubules to the action of antidiuretic hormone, which there is no re-absorption (suction) of water. As a rule, the congenital form of the disease manifested early enough (before 6 months of age). Central diabetes insipidus usually occurs in animals older than 5-6 years.

When diabetes insipidus the animal was very thirsty constantly, it happens, increased urination. Uncommon urinary incontinence, which is associated not with the incontinence, and physical inability to empty your bladder naturally. Urine itself transparent, bright, and her analyses show the absence of sugar (hence the name of the disease). Characteristics of appetite is not exponential - it can be conventional, and may be completely absent. The General condition can be described as depressed - sick animals lose weight, are often problems in the cardiovascular system.

Despite his thirst, many veterinarians recommend to limit the intake of water (and, it should be slightly acidified with acetic acid). Other experts advised to provide the animal with free access to water. And those and others recommend to reduce the amount of animal protein, salt and, conversely, to increase the consumption of vegetable feed.

Under the Central version of diabetes insipidus in animals recommend replacement therapy to maintain the balance of electrolytes and water as possible close to the norm. If the occurrence of the disease due to the injury, the correct treatment can restore pituitary function. In that case, when the disease refers to acquired forms, the prognosis of treatment depends on the underlying cause. In General, the prognosis of the disease is unfavorable. And if not will be qualified treatment in veterinary clinics, increasing dehydration (dehydration) can lead to stupor and coma.