Diabetes mellitus in adults (aged, diabetes senilis)

Women's
Diabetes mellitus in men
Children
Pregnant
In Animals
In adults
Aged people

 

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic endocrine disease, manifested by insulin deficiency or its poor activity.

Aged patients' diabetes types

Aged patients' diabetes typesThere are two types of diabetes mellitus:

- insulin-dependent diabetes (diabetes mellitus of 1st type);
- insulin-independent diabetes (diabetes mellitus of 2nd type).

Insulin-dependent diabetes is a disease of young age because this disease is often found in children and young people under 30 years old. Insulin-independent diabetes is considered to be the disease of aged people because most of patients are over 30-40 years old.

Symptoms of diabetes senilis

Diabetes mellitus of 2nd type is caused by the low sensitivity of organism to insulin hormone. Patient may have a bit lower than normal level of insulin production, but due to dysfunction of pancreatic gland, the interacting of the hormone and cells disorders lead to the deficit of glucose in cells and raising of its level in blood.

The key factors provoking diabetes in the organisms of aged people (older men) are excessive weight and hypertension. Another risk factor is the inheritance. Insulin-independent diabetes probability is higher for people, whose parents, at least one of them, suffering this disease.

The wiliness of diabetes mellitus of aged people lies in its slow development, without any symptoms, and it happens that this disease is diagnosed in the course of an occasional medical examination or blood and urine test. As a rule symptoms of insulin-independent type are treated as signs of common weakness.

Symptoms of diabetes in aged people

Diabetes in aged people, symptomsThe key symptoms of diabetes mellitus presence in aged people are:

- strong thirst (the patient may dring 3-5 liter of water);
- dryness in the mouth;
- polyuria (frequent urination);
- excessive appetite (the patient eats a lot but no fullness);
- quick fatigue;
- muscular weakness;
- skin problems.

The possibility of complications appearance

It is important to diagnose the disease on early stages as the progressing diabetes may lead to complications like atherosclerosis, diabetic nephropathy, heart failure, diabetic retinitis, skin problems, limb affection and etc.

Treatment of diabetes senilis should be the changing the way of patientís life. It is necessary to eat strictly according to a diet without any quickly digestible carbohydrates and fats in composition of food, also to be active physically, allow no weight, hypertension and control the level of blood glucose changes .