Diabetes and urine test (sugar in urine, protein in the urine)

Differential diagnosis of
A blood test
Blood counts
Urine analysis
How to checked?
Color, protein, density of urine
How to recognize
How to find out
The survey


diabetes is important to carefully monitor the changes of metabolism in the body. Among the necessary regular tests are urine tests, allowing time to identify changes in metabolism and possible impairment of the kidney and other organs.


urine test in diabetes mellitus

Every six months, with diabetes is recommended to take urine sampling and analysis for the presence of protein (this test is called microalbuminuria). Common tests include microscopy of the urine sediment, and evaluation of its physicochemical characteristics. Before conducting this analysis can not be used diuretics, and fruits and vegetables that can affect the change in color of urine. Sometimes for analysis is taken only morning urine, and in some cases it meets regularly throughout the day. The second option provides a more complete picture of the metabolism of the body.


Protein in the urine in diabetes mellitus

examination of the urine for protein able to determine the condition of the kidneys. According to statistics, kidney problems seen in 20-40% of patients with diabetes mellitus, so the test for protein is very important. A positive test for microalbuminuria is a signal to change therapy, to pay more attention to the condition of the kidneys and blood vessels.


Sugar in urine diabetes mellitus

urine test diabetesAmount of sugar in the urine of a healthy person is so inconsequential that is not defined in the General test. The increase of sugar in the urine in diabetes mellitus is called hyperglycemia and is one of the signs of metabolic disorders. Dangerous high level of sugar in the urine may precede the beginning of the formation in the body ketone bodies. These by-products are formed if the fat burning process takes place in the absence of insulin. Ketone bodies (acetone) can be used by cells as an energy source, but a large number of them dangerous. Ketones can be toxic and in large quantities cause ketoacidosis - a serious condition that requires emergency care.

it Should be remembered that the amount of sugar in the urine may depend on the intake of products rich in carbohydrates before urination. Therefore, the more important the level of sugar in daily urine, composed of small portions, which are taken every 3 hours. Sometimes there are tests every single portion of urine. Thus obtained curve of sugar levels can help optimize nutrition and the introduction of insulin in those hours of the day when stands out most sugar.