Kidneys and diabetes mellitus, nephro, saline, symptoms

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Diabetes mellitus and kidneysPresence of diabetes mellitus does not go without problems for different organs and systems. Kidneys are affected most often in this case. Statistics show that around 25-30% of diabetics have kidneys affected by the disease. What happens to kidneys in case of diabetes mellitus?

Kidneys may be compared to some kind of filter. If patient has diabetes mellitus, kidneys get a bigger workload; urination is going up as there is a need to wash away the sugar (glucose) from the organism. As a result of high workload, kidneys are going down like any other mechanism. This result is manifested by protein loss and poor filtering ability. After some time kidneys are undergoing to have some changes: a part of their own tissues is replaced with connecting tissue, which cannot filter anything and that is why functioning of nephrons are working for themselves and their “lost neighbors”.

Kidneys saline and sugar types of diabetes, symptoms

One of the hardest problems that are related to kidneys pathology is the absence of symptoms of pathological changes. Patient may suspect nothing for a long time. The only possible variant lies in regular medical examinations, including urine analyses and its testing for the increased content of proteins, albumin mostly, plus blood test for creatinine level.

So, in the background of diabetes mellitus there may stand Kimmelstiel-Wilson disease and diabetic nephropathy. Kidneys pathologies in this case are called diabetic. There is a high risk of kidney infection in the course of diabetes mellitus, but the most important problem leading to their malfunctioning are pathological changes of micro vascular channels.

Pyelonephritis in diabetes mellitus

Kidneys in diabetes mellitusPyelonephritis in diabetes mellitus is hidden in most cases and it has no symptoms so its manifestation is hidden too. This is a disease, which can be presented in any case, but in most cases the patient may not even know about it. The utmost of its symptoms may be an excessive urination against fever. However, if infection was not removed properly, then there may be one more aggravation and after that process become chronic. So patient’s immune system is weakened in case of diabetes mellitus and urine becomes a perfect environment for microorganism development. These are perfect conditions for pyelonephritis. One of kinds of nephritis is the kidney saline diabetes; it is an acquired nephritis that is manifested by salt loss.

Nephropathy in diabetes mellitus

Nephropathy in diabetes mellitus is the result of pathological changes in the micro-vascular channel of kidneys; all that leads to worse blood circulation and, as a result, to poor functioning of kidneys.

There are few factors that may affect kidneys: chronic hyperglycemia, high hypertension, age of patient and other pathologies. At the beginning of diabetic nephropathy, there is a hypertension, which may be under high physical load of patient’s organism only. A big importance has a diagnosis of the disease at its early stages; it may be stopped at these stages easily. The urine test in the course of nephropathy shows high level of proteins; under normal conditions it must not contain proteins at all.