Coronary heart disease in diabetes mellitus (coronary artery disease)

A heart attack
Stroke
Atherosclerosis
Pressure
Hypertension
Ischemia
Vessels
Alzheimer's Disease

 

Statistical data "Centre for disease control of the United States" showed that over the last 10 years, the third increase in the number of cases of strokes in age from 5 to 44 years. As a rule, such patients along with high blood pressure occurs diabetes and obesity.

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the Factors provoking the disease is ischemia

Coronary heart disease in diabetes mellitusObesity and stroke are connected with the factor that a person often inject a lot food rich in digestible carbohydrates and animal fats, the body is very difficult to produce the required amount of insulin.

And increased body mass (obesity), and related to factors such as decreased motor activity and oxygen exchange, increased blood pressure and levels of blood fats, worsening of metabolism - it stimulates to occurrence of diabetes.

That is the problem with cardiovascular system, in particular coronary heart disease and diabetes mellitus are based on many common factors that can cause these diseases.

So the combination of these two diseases is quite common in practice of endocrinologists, internists and cardiologists. The doctor, choosing the correct course of treatment for the patient, in addition to standard glucose-lowering therapy should be chosen such medications that are able to provide long-term compensation of carbohydrate metabolism. The effect of this combination of drugs should ensure a low risk of hypoglycemic reactions.

by Itself, hypoglycemia is a stress factor that can complicate the course of diseases associated with the cardiovascular system. As a result the patient becomes at risk for myocardial infarction, stroke and sudden cardiac arrest.

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Render harm

Ischemia in diabetesIf the patient is suffering from diabetes do not have problems with excess weight, then you can mention the fact that by itself, - this disease affects large and small blood vessels capillaries. Similar lesions occur in the endocardium and coronary vessels. Against this background, the patient develops diabetic cardiomyopathy (heart damage), which in turn leads to accelerated development of atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis promotes coronary heart disease (CHD). Therefore, in patients with diabetes the risk of developing coronary heart disease (CHD) is 3-5 times higher compared to persons not suffering from this disease.

it Should be noted that in diabetics the development of coronary heart disease (CHD) occurs not only under the influence of the disease itself, but also firmly under the influence of high blood pressure (hypertension). This symptom normally seen in 20% of patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus, and about 75% of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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Treatment

Treatment and prevention of coronary heart disease (CHD) in diabetes mellitus is carried out by: using drugs that control blood pressure; the method of correction of lipid level in the blood; the passage of antiplatelet therapy (the combination of aspirin along with other medications).