Complications of diabetes in children, the prognosis

In newborns
In adolescents
In infants
Signs, symptoms
Type 1
Type 2
Prevention and features
Phosphate diabetes
Treatment of phosphate diabetes


the Most common form of complications diabetes as young children, and teenagers, is hypoglycemia. A very high percentage of fatal outcomes (3-4 %) are seen during hypoglycemic coma.

to avoid these complications are the parents of a child patient with diabetes should strictly control the level of sugar their children and in any, even light, hypoglycemic States to sound the alarm. The main cause of hypoglycemia is a mismatch of insulin and glucose in the blood at any given time.

Sometimes this imbalance occurs because of an overdose of insulin, sometimes due to strenuous physical activity.

Also to hypoglycemia may cause a violation of the nutritional status of children (skipping needed food intake), reduced carbohydrate food or a large presence in the food of coarse dietary fiber that significantly slows the absorption of carbohydrates from the gastrointestinal tract.

Another reason for the occurrence of this disease in children may be a violation of the kidneys and liver.

And teenagers are very often the manifestation of hypoglycemia leads alcohol consumption.

Gipoglikemicheskie state, unlike ketoacidosis and other acute complications of diabetes that can develop quite suddenly at the General satisfactory condition of the child.

Too low content of glucose in blood of children with diabetes affects their Central nervous system. Doctors proven the usefulness of glucose to activate the brain. Due to the decrease of glucose concentration in the body of the child is reduced to her brain and there is a famine of nerve cells (neuroglycemia). With a large variety of symptoms of hypoglycemia manifestations of neuroglycopenia are usually characterized by uniformity.

Neuroglycemia in children diabetes can lead to decreased mental and intellectual activity, the functions of thinking and concentration. The child becomes listless, drowsy, and indifferent to what is happening around. There may also be symptoms such as sudden crying, aggressiveness or autism.

If parents are not timely noticed to the manifestations of the disease, then there may be the aggravation, namely: loss of consciousness, or twitching individual muscle groups with further convulsions. The final phase is the occurrence of hypoglycemic coma.