Compensation of diabetes mellitus, compensated, criteria

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Compensation of diabetes mellitusDiabetes mellitus dangerous due to its severe complications, which are often the cause of patient’s death his early disability. To reduce the risk of appearance of complications and keep it minimal, it is needed compensation of the disease.

Compensated diabetes mellitus is a condition in which the means of various therapeutic measures help to control blood glucose level and help keep it values most close to normal, so in this case risk of appearance and development of any complications is minimal. In this case, the patient feels relatively well.

Compensation of diabetes mellitus

When you hear “compensation of diabetes mellitus” it means maintaining blood glucose levels as close as the normal values. The basis of a good compensation of diabetes mellitus is diet, diabetic regime and special physical exercises.

Optimal diet for each patient should be developed individually, depending on the work and physical exercises that he completes during the day. Dietary energy should cover all daily energy expenditure. It is advisable to eat many times, but in small portions. This allows patient to modulate levels of insulin and levels of sugar in the blood similar to the indicators that can be found in case of healthy person. Sugar and fast-digestible carbohydrates should be excluded, or limited at least.

Compensated diabetes mellitus”/>Sometimes diet is not sufficient to maintain normal values of glucose contained in blood. In this case, the level of blood glucose is controlled by <a href=insulin or other hypoglycemic agents that are consumed oral.

Control of compensation of diabetes mellitus is completed by measuring of level of glucose contained in the blood. Level of glucose in the blood can be determined by help of glucometer and special test strips. It is recommended to take measurements up to five times a day, but at least two times (in the morning and in the evening on an empty stomach). This makes it possible to continuously monitor blood sugar levels, and in the case of its small deviations to normalize it by adjusting the diet or insulin.

Urinalysis with well compensated diabetes is desirable to take once a month. If the concentration of glucose in the blood is high, level of glucose in the urine should be checked immediate. It should be borne in mind that in case of well compensated diabetes mellitus there should not be sugar presented in the urine at all. In the case if sugar is presented in the urine, you should contact a professional who will help to review and modify patient’s personal diet and dosage of insulin or oral sugar-lowering medications.

Criteria of compensation of diabetes mellitus

Compensation criteria in case of diabetes mellitus are:

Compliance of laboratory results to listed above criteria indicates good compensation of diabetes mellitus.