Biochemical analysis of blood (biochemistry) in diabetic patients

Differential diagnosis of
A blood test
Blood counts
Urine analysis
How to checked?
Color, protein, density of urine
How to recognize
How to find out
The survey


biochemistry in diabetes mellitusBiochemical analysis of blood is an important step in the diagnosis of many serious diseases. And diabetes is no exception.

the assessment of the level of blood biochemical parameters of diabetic patient can give much information about the form of the disease, its limitations, severity, presence of complications, and prognoses.

the most Important indicator, which is crucial in the diagnosis of diabetes is blood glucose. The affected people, the level of this indicator in blood plasma is elevated and is more than 7, 8 mmol/l and in whole blood - more than 6.7 mmol/L.

diabetes changes the percentage of glycated hemoglobin (Hb A1c). This indicator can be judged on the content of glucose in the blood for the last 3 months that need to evaluate the quality of treatment and determine the risk of complications in patients. People with diabetes, the quantity of Hb A1 c in the blood increased dramatically and is more than 5, 9%. When the level of glycated hemoglobin exceeding 8%, treatment should be reviewed.

In a series of tests in diabetes mellitus include determination of the blood levels of C - peptide. This substance is an indicator of pancreas for insulin secretion, and allows you to set the type of diabetes. Type I patients have a decreased C - peptide level that is less than 0,78 ng/ml With type II diabetes indicator is within the normal range (0,78 - 1, 56 ng/ml).

In patients with diabetes in blood biochemistry is important lipid profile. It includes determination of cholesterol, triglycerides, lipoproteins of high and low density. In non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus-increased levels of low density lipoprotein, cholesterol and triglycerides. However, the decrease of high density lipoprotein.

diabetes mellitus is also useful to have an indication of the level of insulin in the blood, which helps to determine the type of the disease and to find treatment. In patients with the first type of diabetes the insulin in the blood is sharply reduced, and with the second type corresponds to the normal or increased.

the Level of carbohydrate metabolism in diabetics in blood biochemistry is investigated using a pancreatic peptide and fructosamine. Pancreatic peptide regulates the rate and quantity of pancreatic juice, and fructosamine is the product of the transformation of glucose. If compensated carbohydrate metabolism, the levels of pancreatic peptide in blood is high, if decompensirovanny - low. In patients with diabetes in the stage of decompensation the level of fructosamine in the blood reaches high concentrations (3,7 mmol/l and above). Rule 2 - 2.8 mmol/L.

Glucagon - a substance that increases the level of glucose in the body, so patients with diabetes have a high level of glucagon in the blood.

In diabetic patients when biochemical analysis of blood there is a decrease of protein metabolism. In particular, there is a reduction in the number of albumins and globulins.