Angiopathy in diabetes mellitus

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Angiopathy in diabetes mellitusDiabetic angiopathy is a kind of complication, which is common among people that suffer from diabetes mellitus. In the course of the disease sides of blood vessels and capillary tubes in particular are decaying and the blood stasis is suffering very much.

Diabetic angiopathy is divided into two types of the diseases: micro- and macro-angiopathy.

In case of macro-angiopathy, the heart vessels and lower body limbs are affected.

While in case with micro-angiopathy most damage is applied to eyes and kidneys.

It is known that diabetes mellitus causes hormonal and metabolitic disorders, which are the triggers for development and appearance of diabetic angiopathy.

However not all diabetics complain on the angiopathy appearance. This disease appearance depends not only on the hormonal phone of a particular patient, but also on the genetic features of that particular person. Scientists are not unanimous in defining the factors that promote development of diabetic angiopathy, but it is already known that patients of group I and group II are affected in different ways.

It is known that people with higher arterial pressure, smokers, drunkards and those who work in harmful environment are prone to appearance of diabetic angiopathy most of all.

Diabetic micro-angiopathy

Diabetic micro-angiopathy is developed through five stages. In the course of this disease, kidneys begin to lower all their activities, also hard arterial hypertension appears and proteinuria appears too (high molecular weight proteins are present in urine). It is highly difficult to distinguish this disease, and generally, to make sure the disease is in progress, it is necessary to conduct needle biopsy of kidneys.

Hypertonic angiopathy

Hypertonic angiopathy belongs to micro-angiopathy. Signs of this disease are: varicose veins on the eye fundus, non-uniform artery sizes, and petechial hemorrhage. Hypertonic angiopathy is very dangerous disease because it may lead to complete blindness.

Angiopathy of lower limbs.

Angiopathy in diabetes mellitusDiabetic macro-angiopathy is developed through four stages.

The first (1st) stage does not manifest any special abnormalities. The only thing that can be noticed is arterial atherosclerosis if patient will complete medical examination.

The second (2nd) stage shows that the patient is getting tired after covering some particular distance, which is very individual for every patient. The pain in thighs and hips appears. After some rest pain usually goes away. Due to low sensitivity of body limbs person with diabetes mellitus does not feel all amount of pain, but just its after sound that is manifested by general weakness and discomfort.

The third (3rd) stage is manifested by greater pain in feet. It is getting acute when patient is in horizontal position. But pain usually goes away as soon as the feet are put down, and the body stands vertically.

The fourth (4th) stage of the disease may be manifested by appearance of ulcers or gangrene. Also syndrome of diabetic foot may appear.

In order to treat diabetic angiopathy, the patients suffering from diabetes mellitus should intake various medications, which stimulate blood circulation and certainly some angio-protectors regularly. Another option is to consult with personal doctor about medications effect on blood stasis.

The above said preparations may be taken together with anabolic preparations. They stimulate metabolism and have lipotropic qualities. Angiopathy treatment should be completed and started quickly, without time losses because in other cases patient may become blind or even die. The earlier disease is found and recognized, the easier is patientís healing and treatment. Initial steps should prevent vessel proliferation, which leads to cicatrization, adhesion and retinal detachment.

Diabetic angiopathy is very dangerous disease, which may be lethal. Upon the first symptoms of angiopathy are manifested patient with diabetes should immediately visit personal doctor.