The tests in diabetes mellitus

Differential diagnosis of
A blood test
Blood counts
Urine analysis
How to checked?
Color, protein, density of urine
How to recognize
How to find out
The survey


diabetes is not always accompanied by typical symptoms, especially in the early stages. Even the increase in the blood sugar level may be lower than that which it is defined. In addition, in the body can be antibodies that suppress the cells that produce insulin, for the determination of these cells requires specialized analyses. Therefore, for the diagnosis of diabetes, the disease and effectiveness of therapy needed by different tests.


What tests need to pass for the detection of diabetes mellitus?

in order to accurately determine the status of carbohydrate metabolism in the body, must pass a series of tests. The main indicator is the amount of sugar in the blood, therefore, this analysis (a test sugar) is the main test in this disease. To do this, hold it on an empty stomach, usually in the morning. Another test determines the amount of sugar in the blood in the normal state during the day, rent it out after eating. It is also advisable to take the test for glycosylated hemoglobin (glucose handling), C-peptide, biochemical blood General urine. Definitely need to visit an ophthalmologist and endocrinologist.


What are the blood tests diabetes?

If you have diabetes regularly need to pass different tests. Some of them need to pass every six months, and conduct other daily, fixing the indicators in the log - diabetes diary. For this new blood glucose meters. Once sugar rate in the blood outside the allowed corridor, you must contact the physician to change therapy.

sugar should be considered on an empty stomach (after waking up) and after eating (1-2 hours). It is important that the definition of sugar level at home it is only necessary for self-control, it cannot be used for self-diagnosis of the disease.

every six months diabetes you need to pass a urinalysis, a test to microalbuminuria in the urine, to visit an ophthalmologist. It is necessary to ensure that possible complications were identified in time and managed to avoid vision loss, complications of the kidneys and other related diseases.

If possible, in a specialized laboratory four times a year to take the test for glycated hemoglobin.


Laboratory diagnostics (research) diabetes.

the tests in diabetes mellitusIn the clinical setting carry out the General analysis of blood sugar and advanced biochemical (for this kind of need venous blood). In the lab you can check glikozilirovanie hemoglobin. Excess sugar from the blood stream goes in blood vessels, the pancreas, the liver, also accumulate red blood cells. Test glikozilirovanie the hemoglobin allows to determine the change in the number of jaded sugar of red blood cells and is very informative for treatment, although not every laboratory can easily spend the day.

In modern laboratory also determines the amount of antibodies to the insulin-producing beta cells located in the tissues of the pancreas. The test for C-peptide helps to distinguish what type of diabetes of the 1st or of the 2nd type.

urine complement the overall picture of the disease and help to identify abnormalities in the other organs. Besides tests, diabetes clinics conducting ultrasound diagnosis and other studies that helps minimize the likelihood of complications.